Our mouth is a host for many types of bacteria. The bacteria degrades the food and the by product along with the saliva forms a layer that is laid on the surface of the teeth. This is called plaque. Regular brushing and flossing removes the plaque. If Plaque stays on the teeth for a long period of time, it can harm the teeth and the gum. The damage is very destructive to the surrounding tissue and it leads to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is active bacterial infection of the gum. Since it might not hurt, it can go on for a long time unnoticed. It can range from mild to moderate and ultimately to severe. It starts with gingivitis and if it's untreated it can lead to periodontitis. The gum gets very inflamed and bleeds very easily. It destroys the supporting bone around the teeth and if not treated, it leads to tooth loss.
The periodontal disease is treated with a series of steps. Scaling and root planning/ gum treatment is necessary to remove any deposit on the surface of the teeth. This is more detailed than the regular six month cleaning. More frequent cleaning is required at home and in office for maintenance. The periodontist might get involved if there is a need for periodontal surgery.
In House Periodontis
Our periodontist does a number of treatments besides placing implants. Just to name a few, they are gum surgery, ridge augmentation, sinus lifting, reshaping the gum in a gummy smile, gum grafting and many more.